Other Free Encyclopedias » Psychology Encyclopedia » Psychological Dictionary: Kenneth John William Craik Biography to Jami (Mulla Nuruddin ʼAbdurrahman ibn-Ahmad Biography

Empiricism

example of mean mean example method knowledge example psychologists

Type of research that is based on direct observation.

Psychologists prefer to learn about behavior through direct observation or experience. This approach reflects what is called empiricism. Psychologists are well-known for creating experiments, conducting interviews and using surveys, and carrying out case studies. The common feature of these approaches is that psychologists wait until observations are made before they draw any conclusions about the behaviors they are interested in.

Scientists often maintain that empiricism fosters healthy skepticism. By this they mean that they will not regard something as being true until they have made the observations themselves. Such an approach means that science can be self-correcting in the sense that when erroneous conclusions are drawn, others can test the original ideas to see if they are correct.

Empiricism is one of the hallmarks of any scientific endeavor. Other disciplines employ different approaches to gaining knowledge. For example, many philosophers use the a priori method rather than the empirical method. In the a priori method, one uses strictly rational, logical arguments to derive knowledge. Geometric proofs are an example of the use of the a priori method.

In everyday life, people accept ideas as being true or false based on authority or on intuition. In many cases, people hold beliefs because individuals who are experts have made pronouncements on some topic. For example, in religious matters, many people rely on the advice and guidance of their religious leaders in deciding on the correct way to lead their lives. Further, we often believe things because they seem intuitively obvious. Relying on authority and intuition may be very useful in some aspects of our lives, like those involving questions of morality.

Scientists prefer the empirical method in their work, however, because the topics of science lend themselves to observation and measurement. When something cannot be observed or measured, scientists are likely to conclude that it is outside the realm of science, even though it may be vitally important in some other realm.

Further Reading

Carruthers, Peter. Human Knowledge and Human Nature: A New Introduction to an Ancient Debate. Oxford, Eng.: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Grossmann, Reinhardt. The Fourth Way: A Theory of Knowledge. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Encounter Group [next]

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

about 1 year ago

Quickbooks Support Number @ http://www.quickbooks.intuit-techsupport.com/
Quickbooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbooks.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://www.quicken.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Number @ http://www.quicken.intuit-techsupport.com/
Sage Support Phone Number @ http://www.sage.support-phonenumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

1-888-451-1608 Quickbooks tech support number
1-888-451-1608 Quickbooks tech support phone number
1-888-451-1608 Quickbooks technical support number
1-888-451-1608 Quickbooks technical support phone number
https://www.linkedin.com/company/1-888-451-1608-quickbooks-tech-support-number
https://www.facebook.com/1-888-451-1608-Quickbooks-Tech-Support-Phone-Numbers-1928090907416629/
https://plus.google.com/b/117273741973462875469/117273741973462875469/
http://www.quickbooks.tech-supportnumber.com/
http://www.quicken.tech-supportnumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

http://www.top7pm.in/
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-thane.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-jaipur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-patna.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-shimla.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-nashik.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-bhubaneswar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-rudrapur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-rishikesh.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-surat.html

Vote down Vote up

about 1 month ago


Quickbooks Tech Support Phone Number
http://quickbookstech.supportphone-number.com/


Quicken Tech Support Phone Number
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/



Sage Tech Support Phone Number
http://sagetech.supportphone-number.com/

Vote down Vote up

about 1 month ago


Quickbooks Tech Support Phone Number
http://quickbookstech.supportphone-number.com/


Quicken Tech Support Phone Number
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/



Sage Tech Support Phone Number
http://sagetech.supportphone-number.com/

Vote down Vote up

3 months ago

Best Sage Support Number, Sage Help, Sage Support, Sage Support Number, Sage Support Phone Number, Sage Tech Support Number, Sage Tech Support Phone Number, Sage Technical Support Number, Sage Technical Support Phone Number, Sage Customer Support Number, More info visit :- http://www.sageaccountingsolution.com/

Vote down Vote up

3 months ago

Best Quickbooks Support Number, Quickbooks Help, Quickbooks Support, Quickbooks Support Number, Quickbooks Support Phone Number, Quickbooks Tech Support Number, Quickbooks Tech Support Phone Number, Quickbooks Technical Support Number, Quickbooks Technical Support Phone Number, Quickbooks Customer Support Number, More info visit :- http://www.quickbooksaccountingsolution.com/

Vote down Vote up

5 months ago


Packers and Movers

http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/navi-mumbai/
http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/pune/
http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/mumbai/
http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/gurgaon/
http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/noida/
http://www.waydm.com/in/packers-and-movers/delhi/

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago

Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/ Quicken Support Phone Number
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-starter-edition/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/services/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-deluxe/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-premier/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-home-business/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-rental-property/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-for-mac/

Vote down Vote up

9 months ago

Tech Support Number
Sage Tech Support Phone Number @ http://sagetech.supportphone-number.com/
QuickBooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/
Quicken tech Support Phone Number @ http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/
QuickBooks Tech Support Phone Number @ http://quickbookstech.supportphone-number.com/

Vote down Vote up

9 months ago

QuickBooks Support Phone Number
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-pro/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-premier/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-enterprise/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll-support/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-support-services/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-technical-support/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-support-small-business/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-customer-service-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-pos-support-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-data-recovery-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll-support-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-enterprise-support-phone-number/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-haridwar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-dehradun.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-lucknow.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-varanasi.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-jalandhar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ludhiana.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-guwahati.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-kanpur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-jammu.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-amritsar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-vadodara.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-indore.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-karnal.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-mohali.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-raipur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ambala.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-bhopal.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-kota.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-panchkula.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-kullu.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-nagpur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-navimumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

http://www.the5th.in/
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

http://www.adword.co.in/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.top6pm.in/

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

Packers and Movers company visit for more information: -
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/

Vote down Vote up

about 2 years ago

Packers and Movers company visit for more information: -
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.best7th.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Best packing & moving companies

http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Best packing & moving companies

http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Packers and Movers for Transporting Services:-

http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
http://4ad.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Packers and Movers for Transporting Services:-

http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

For Shifting and Transporting Services::-

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/ @ Packkers and Movers Hyderabad

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/ @ Packers and Movers Bangalore

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/ @ Packers and Movers Chennai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/ @ Packers and Movers Pune

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/ @ Packers and Movers Mumbai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/ @ Packers and Movers Delhi

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/ @ Packers and Movers Gurgaon

http://www.export5th.in/ @ Packers and Movers in India

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

For Shifting and Transporting Services::-

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/ @ Packkers and Movers Hyderabad

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/ @ Packers and Movers Bangalore

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/ @ Packers and Movers Chennai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/ @ Packers and Movers Pune

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/ @ Packers and Movers Mumbai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/ @ Packers and Movers Delhi

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/ @ Packers and Movers Gurgaon

http://www.export5th.in/ @ Packers and Movers in India

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Thanks for all your information, Website is very nice and informative content.
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-navimumbai/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

This article is really fantastic and thanks for sharing the valuable post.
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about -
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://packersmoverspune.top3rd.in/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
Packers and Movers Noida @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-noida/
Packers and Movers Thane @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-thane/
Packers and Movers Navi Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-navimumbai/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/
Packers and Movers Gurgaon @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Pune or
http://packersmoverspune.top3rd.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago


Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

List 5 Packers and Movers in India, Cost, Charges, and Price and best packing and moving services.

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

http://list5th.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

List Packers and Movers India, Cost, Charges, and Price and top moving and packing services.

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/

http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/