Other Free Encyclopedias » Psychology Encyclopedia » Child Development

Peer Acceptance

antisocial behavior children child popular social

The degree to which a child or adolescent is socially accepted by peers; the level of peer popularity.

Peer acceptance is measured by the quality rather than the quantity of a child or adolescent's relationships. While the number of friends varies among children and over time as a child develops, peer acceptance is often established as early as preschool. Factors such as physical attractiveness, cultural traits, and disabilities affect the level of peer acceptance, with a child's degree of social competence being the best predictor of peer acceptance. Children who are peer-accepted or popular have fewer problems in middle and high school, and teens who are peer-accepted have fewer emotional and social adjustment problems as adults. Peer-accepted children may be shy or assertive, but they often have well-developed communication skills. Peer-accepted children tend to:

  • Correctly interpret other children's body language and tone of voice. Well-liked children can distinguish subtleties in emotions. For example, they can distinguish between anger directed toward them versus toward a parent.
  • Directly respond to the statements and gestures of other children. Well-liked children will say other children's names, establish eye contact, and use touch to get attention.
  • Give reasons for their own statements and gestures (actions). For example, well-liked children will explain why they want to do something the other child does not want to do.
  • Cooperate with, show tact towards, and compromise with other children, demonstrating the willingness to subordinate the self by modifying behavior and opinions in the interests of others. For example, when joining a new group where a conversation is already in progress, well-liked children will listen first, establishing a tentative presence in the group before speaking (even if it is to change the subject).

These skills are crucial in initiating and maintaining relationships, and in resolving conflicts. By contrast, rejected children tend either towards aggressive, antisocial behavior, or withdrawn, depressive behavior. They also don't listen well, tend not to offer reasons for their behavior, don't positively reinforce their peers, and have trouble cooperating. Antisocial children will interrupt people, dominate other children, and either verbally or physically attack them. Depressive or withdrawn children may be excessively reserved, submissive, anxious, and inhibited. Competitiveness or dominance by itself is not necessarily indicative of low peer acceptance. In fact, popular children tend to have the characteristics of both competitiveness and friendliness.

Although biological predisposition may be a factor in a child's social competence and level of peer acceptance, environmental factors are also extremely important. Some of the factors contributing to peer acceptance include (1) during infancy, the quality of attachment between mother or primary caregiver and child; (2) during childhood, the quantity and quality of opportunities for interaction with different types of peers in different environments (in the family, at school, church, camp, activity centers, in sports, or in the neighborhood); (3) the type of parenting style. A highly nurturant but moderately controlling "authoritative" parenting style is associated with the highest levels of social competence. By contrast, a low nurturant, highly controlling "authoritarian" parenting style is associated with children's aggressiveness, while the high nurturant but low-controlling "permissive" style is associated with failure to take responsibility for behavior.

Children learn to relate to peers by engaging in peer relationships. Often a vicious circle develops where a rejected child is given fewer and fewer opportunities by his peers to relate and thereby learn new skills. Lack of opportunity to participate normally in peer interaction is especially problematic for children who differ in some obvious way, either culturally, racially, or through some mental or physical disability. Issues of peer acceptance should be addressed as early as possible in order to prevent loss of self-confidence and self-esteem.

In addition to providing direct social skills training or counseling for the child with peer acceptance problems, parents and teachers can create opportunities for non-threatening social interaction to occur. Though children should never be forced to play together (this can create the rejection it is intended to remedy), popular and less-popular preschoolers can be encouraged to interact with one another. For example, a less sociable child may be encouraged to answer and ask questions of others. Older children should be provided opportunities to interact in smaller groups and in one-on-one situations, where it may be easier to try out new behaviors and make up for social mistakes. Shy or withdrawn children can be encouraged to develop outside interests that will place them in structured contact with others. In school, peer helping programs and collaborative learning provide opportunities for popular and less-popular children to work together. Ideally, collaboration should highlight the less-popular students' strengths, such as special interests and talents, rather than weaknesses. At any age, the smallest positive change in behavior should be reinforced with attention and praise.

Further Reading

Asher, S. R., and J. D. Coie, eds. Peer Rejection in Childhood. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Goleman, Daniel. Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bantam Books, 1995.

Ramsey, P.G. Making Friends in School: Promoting Peer Relationships in Early Childhood. New York: Teacher's College Press, 1991.

Selman, R. The Growth of Interpersonal Understanding. New York: Academic Press, 1980.

Peer Pressure [next] [back] Parent-Child Relationships - Infancy, Toddlerhood, Preschool, School age, Adolescence, Adults

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

almost 5 years ago

Any way I can get a publication date and an author for this post so I can site it in a paper I'm doing?

Vote down Vote up

almost 6 years ago

Hi, is it possible for you to tell me who wrote this article and what year is was published please?

Regards

A. Baker

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Gurgaon @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
Packers and Movers India @ http://list5th.in/
Packers and Movers India @ http://www.export5th.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Chennai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
Packers and Movers Pune @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Simply Removals is a Faridabad removals company that offers professional, affordable Indian moving services, office moves and storage services. Learn more about our services now.

Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
http://top3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
Packers and Movers Noida @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Packers and Movers Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 8 years ago

send me some information regarding "effect of peer tutoring on development vocational skills among persons with mild mental retardation"

Vote down Vote up

about 1 month ago

Welcome! Buy Nembutal Online.

The quest to Buy Nembutal Online is increasing on a daily bases. Many reasons account for this increase in the demand for Nembutal. This service was brought to you to find a quick, safe, secure and express method to Order Nembutal Online.
 
Buy Nembutal Online

is your number one supplier of high-quality Pentobarbital. Our Sodium Pentobarbital Sale is available online and we ship globally. Our top countries include United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, France and Canada. If you are looking to Order Nembutal Online, do not look any further. We have provided the safest and most accurate methods to buy Nembutal online to terminally ill people worldwide since 2004. We continuously invest in this service and upgrading on a daily bases to meet up with clients needs.
 
Contact us Securely through details below:
Email: keystonemeds(@)protonmail(.)com
Wickr us at: intermeds247
Call or SMS: +1 Tow1three five3four six8nine4

Today we have made it possible for most clients especially those who are bedridden to be able to order Nembutal at the comfort of their bedroom. you can now Buy Nembutal Online, make payment online and have wait for delivery to your doorsteps in less than 1 week. Also, note that our service is legit and discrete and we will never share your information with any third party.
 
Finally, now that you are here to buy Nembutal online, Our sodium pentobarbital sale customer service is available 24/7 to guide you through placing and completing your order online.  to order Nembutal online

Is our service secured?

We are committed to our service and the most reliable supplier of barbiturates. Packaging is fully discreet and buyer information is very confidential. We use trusted shipping companies and have 100% success record in all countries. Payment is easy and very secured
Our varieties

We have a variety of barbiturates and especially Pentobabital (Nembutal) which is the most common. These drugs are available as pills, powder or liquid. They are also available is different doses. Different can be administered for different uses.

why choose us?

* Guaranteed risk free service.
* Discreet shipping where ever you are.
* High quality products and low prices.
* Liquid, pills and powder products.
* 100% satisfied customers.


Contact us Securely through details below:
Email: keystonemeds(@)protonmail(.)com
Wickr us at: intermeds247
Call or SMS: +1 Tow1three five3four six8nine4



PROFESSIONAL STAFF
It is for your best interest that we are here, our main interest being to help you. Nembutal solutions are required by people often to execute various tasks. As they endeavor to get these tasks accomplished, they get in touch with various Nembutal online organizations but they end up disappointed due to the low quality products that they get.
We are currently the best selling company in provision of euthanasia drugs. When you buy Nembutal products from us, you are assured of quality.



TAGS:
do vets have nembutal ?
preço do nembutal ?
efeitos do nembutal ?
valor do nembutal ?
bula do nembutal ?
preco do nembutal ?
does nembutal expire ?
what does nembutal taste like ?
what does nembutal look like ?
how much does nembutal cost ?
how long does nembutal stay in your system ?
nembutal how to get ?
nembutal how to make ?
nembutal how to obtain ?
nembutal how to take it ?
nembutal how to use ?
nembutal how long ?
how is nembutal made ?
how is nembutal administered ?
how to get nembutal in australia ?
how to buy nembutal ?
is nembutal a depressant ?
is nembutal a barbiturate ?
is nembutal a controlled substance ?
is nembutal legal in mexico ?
is nembutal still prescribed ?,
is nembutal legal in the us ?
is nembutal illegal in us ?
is nembutal available in south africa ?
is nembutal legal in canada ?
is nembutal illegal in uk ?
nembutal was ist das ?
was ist nembutal ?
was kostet nembutal ?
where is nembutal legal ?
countries where nembutal is legal ?
where can nembutal be purchased ?
where to buy nembutal in mexico ?
where to buy nembutal reddit ?
where to obtain nembutal ?
where to buy nembutal online ?
where to buy nembutal in australia ?
where to get nembutal in thailand ?
where to get nembutal now ?
which countries sell nembutal ?
who manufactures nembutal ?
why is nembutal illegal ?

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Quickbooks Support Number @ http://www.quickbooks.intuit-techsupport.com/
Quickbooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbooks.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://www.quicken.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Number @ http://www.quicken.intuit-techsupport.com/
Sage Support Phone Number @ http://www.sage.support-phonenumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-navimumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

http://www.the5th.in/
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html
http://www.the5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

http://www.adword.co.in/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.adword.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

For Shifting and Transporting Services::-

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/ @ Packkers and Movers Hyderabad

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/ @ Packers and Movers Bangalore

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/ @ Packers and Movers Chennai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/ @ Packers and Movers Pune

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/ @ Packers and Movers Mumbai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/ @ Packers and Movers Delhi

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/ @ Packers and Movers Gurgaon

http://www.export5th.in/ @ Packers and Movers in India

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Movers and Packers in Bangalore or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Movers and Packers in Delhi or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Movers and Packers in Noida or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Movers and Packers in Ghaziabad or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
Movers and Packers in Faridabad or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
http://4ad.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Movers and Packers in Pune or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Movers and Packers in Mumbai or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
Movers and Packers in Navi Mumbai or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
Movers and Packers in Thane or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
Movers and Packers in Gurgaon or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Packers and Movers Gurgaon @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/
Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
Packers and Movers Noida @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-noida/
Packers and Movers Thane @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-thane/
Packers and Movers Navi Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-navimumbai/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

almost 4 years ago

Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Pune or
http://packersmoverspune.top3rd.in/