Other Free Encyclopedias » Psychology Encyclopedia » Child Development

Battered Child Syndrome

dissociative identity disorder cases abuse physical therapy treatment

A group of physical and mental symptoms arising from long-term physical violence against a child.

Battered child syndrome occurs as the result of long-term physical violence against a child or adolescent. An estimated 2,000 children die each year in the United States from confirmed cases of physical abuse and 14,000 more are seriously injured. The battering takes many forms, including lacerations, bruises, burns, and internal injuries. In addition to the physical harm inflicted, battered children are at risk for an array of behavioral problems, including school difficulties, drug abuse, sexual acting out, running away, suicide, and becoming abusive themselves. Dissociative identity disorder, popularly known as multiple personality, is also common among abused children.

Detecting and preventing battered child syndrome is difficult because society and the courts have traditionally left the family alone. Out of fear and guilt, victims rarely report abuse. Nearly one-half of child abuse victims are under the age of one and therefore unable to report what is happening to them. The parents or guardians who bring a battered child to a hospital emergency room rarely admit that abuse has occurred. Instead, they offer complicated, often obscure, explanations of how the child hurt himself. However, a growing body of scientific literature on pediatric injuries is simplifying the process of differentiating between intentional and accidental injuries. For instance, a 1991 study found that a child needs to fall from a height of 10 ft (3m) or more to sustain the life-threatening injuries that accompany physical abuse. Medical professionals have also learned to recognize a spiral pattern on x rays of broken bones, indicating that the injury was the result of twisting a child's limb.

Once diagnosed, the treatment for battered children is based on their age and the potential for the parents or guardians to benefit from therapy. The more amenable the parents are to entering therapy themselves, the more likely the child is to remain in the home. For infants, the treatment ranges from direct intervention and hospital care to foster care to home monitoring by a social service worker or visiting nurse. Ongoing medical assessment is recommended in all types of treatment. For the preschool child, treatment usually takes place outside the home, whether in a day care situation, a therapeutic preschool, or through individual therapy. The treatment includes speech and language therapy, physical therapy, play therapy, behavior modification, and specialized medical care.

By the time the child enters school, the physical signs of abuse are less visible. Because these children may not yet realize that their lives are different from those of other children, very few will report that their mothers or fathers are subjecting them to gross physical injury. It is at this stage that psychiatric and behavioral disorders begin to surface. In most cases the children are removed from the home, at least initially. The treatment, administered through either group or individual therapy, focuses on establishing trust, restoring self-esteem, expressing emotions, and improving cognitive and problem-solving skills.

Recognizing and treating physical abuse in the adolescent is by far the most difficult. By now the teen is an expert at hiding bruises. Instead, teachers and health care professionals should be wary of exaggerated responses to being touched, provocative actions, extreme aggressiveness or withdrawal, assaulting behavior, fear of adults, self-destruction, inability to form good peer relationships, alertness to danger, and/or frequent mood swings. Detection is exacerbated by the fact that all teenagers exhibit some of these signs at one time or another.

Abused teens do not evoke as much sympathy as younger victims, for society assumes that they are old enough to protect themselves or seek help on their own. In truth, all teenagers need adult guidance. The behavior that the abused adolescent often engages in—delinquency, running away, and failure in school—usually evokes anger in adults but should be recognized as symptoms of underlying problems. The abused teen is often resistant to therapy, which may take the form of individual psychotherapy, group therapy, or residential treatment.

While reporting child abuse is essential, false accusations can also cause great harm. It is a good idea for anyone who suspects that a child is being physically abused to seek confirmation from another adult, preferably a non-relative but one who is familiar with the family. If the second observer concurs, the local child protective services agency should be contacted. The agency has the authority to verify reports of child abuse and make decisions about protection and intervention.

Unlike many other medical conditions, child abuse is preventable. Family support programs can provide parenting information and training, develop family skills, offer social support, and provide psychotherapeutic assistance before abuse occurs.

See also Child abuse

Mary McNulty

Further Reading

Ackerman, Robert J., and Dee Graham. Too Old to Cry: Abused Teens in Today's America. Blue Ridge Summit, PA:TAB Books, 1990.

Helfer, Ray E., M.D., and Ruth S. Kempe, M.D., eds. The Battered Child. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Arbetter, Sandra. "Family Violence: When We Hurt the Ones We Love," Current Health 22, November 1995, p. 6.

Further Information

National Committee for Prevention of Child Abuse. 332 S. Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IL 60605, (312) 663-3520.

Birth [next] [back] Adoption - Types of adoption, Who gets adopted?, Outcomes of adoption

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

24 days ago

Welcome! Buy Nembutal Online.

The quest to Buy Nembutal Online is increasing on a daily bases. Many reasons account for this increase in the demand for Nembutal. This service was brought to you to find a quick, safe, secure and express method to Order Nembutal Online.
 
Buy Nembutal Online

is your number one supplier of high-quality Pentobarbital. Our Sodium Pentobarbital Sale is available online and we ship globally. Our top countries include United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, France and Canada. If you are looking to Order Nembutal Online, do not look any further. We have provided the safest and most accurate methods to buy Nembutal online to terminally ill people worldwide since 2004. We continuously invest in this service and upgrading on a daily bases to meet up with clients needs.
 
Contact us Securely through details below:
Email: keystonemeds(@)protonmail(.)com
Wickr us at: intermeds247
Call or SMS: +1 Tow1three five3four six8nine4

Today we have made it possible for most clients especially those who are bedridden to be able to order Nembutal at the comfort of their bedroom. you can now Buy Nembutal Online, make payment online and have wait for delivery to your doorsteps in less than 1 week. Also, note that our service is legit and discrete and we will never share your information with any third party.
 
Finally, now that you are here to buy Nembutal online, Our sodium pentobarbital sale customer service is available 24/7 to guide you through placing and completing your order online.  to order Nembutal online

Is our service secured?

We are committed to our service and the most reliable supplier of barbiturates. Packaging is fully discreet and buyer information is very confidential. We use trusted shipping companies and have 100% success record in all countries. Payment is easy and very secured
Our varieties

We have a variety of barbiturates and especially Pentobabital (Nembutal) which is the most common. These drugs are available as pills, powder or liquid. They are also available is different doses. Different can be administered for different uses.

why choose us?

* Guaranteed risk free service.
* Discreet shipping where ever you are.
* High quality products and low prices.
* Liquid, pills and powder products.
* 100% satisfied customers.


Contact us Securely through details below:
Email: keystonemeds(@)protonmail(.)com
Wickr us at: intermeds247
Call or SMS: +1 Tow1three five3four six8nine4



PROFESSIONAL STAFF
It is for your best interest that we are here, our main interest being to help you. Nembutal solutions are required by people often to execute various tasks. As they endeavor to get these tasks accomplished, they get in touch with various Nembutal online organizations but they end up disappointed due to the low quality products that they get.
We are currently the best selling company in provision of euthanasia drugs. When you buy Nembutal products from us, you are assured of quality.

Vote down Vote up

over 2 years ago

Quickbooks Support Number @ http://www.quickbooks.intuit-techsupport.com/
Quickbooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbooks.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://www.quicken.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Number @ http://www.quicken.intuit-techsupport.com/
Sage Support Phone Number @ http://www.sage.support-phonenumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

INDONALO.NET AGEN JUDI TOGEL ONLINE NASIONAL INDONESIA

http://dj-pokeronline.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/indonalonet-agen-judi-togel-online-nasional-indonesia.html

Togel Online Asli4D.net Terpercaya & Number Game 3D Indonesia

http://dj-pokeronline.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/togel-online-asli4dnet-terpercaya.html

http://ariztvanjava.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/togel-online-asli4dnet-terpercaya.html

iniDewa.net agen poker domino QQ ceme blackjack online indonesia

http://dj-pokeronline.blogspot.com/2015/09/miyabipokercom-agen-poker-dan-domino.html

MIYABIPOKER.COM AGEN POKER DAN DOMINO ONLINE TERBAIK DI INDONESIA

http://defaonline.blogspot.com/2015/02/miyabipokercom-agen-poker-dan-domino.html

http://defaonline.blogspot.com/2015/09/indonalonet-agen-judi-togel-online-nasional-indonesia.html

http://defaonline.blogspot.co.id/2015/09/inidewanet-agen-poker-domino-qq-ceme-blackjack-online-indonesia.html

http://defaonline.blogspot.com/2015/09/togel-online-asli4dnet-terpercaya.html
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://bolaok.blogspot.com/2015/09/iniDewanet-agen-poker-domino-QQ-ceme-blackjack-online-indonesia.html

http://bolaok.blogspot.com/2015/09/indonalonet-agen-judi-togel-online-nasional-indonesia.html

http://defapoker.blogspot.com/2015/09/inidewanet-agen-poker-domino-qq-ceme-blackjack-online-indonesia.html

http://defapoker.blogspot.com/2015/09/indonalonet-agen-judi-togel-online-nasional-indonesia.html

http://defaonlineshops.blog.com/inidewa-net-agen-poker-domino-qq-ceme-blackjack-online-indonesia.html/

http://bolaok.blogspot.com/2015/09/togel-online-asli4dnet-terpercaya-number-game-3d-indonesia.html

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Safe and Reliable Home goods Shifting With Packers Movers in Bangalore information Visit site:-
Packers and Movers in Noida@ http://professionalmovers.in/packers-and-movers-in-nodia/
Packers and Movers Bangalore@ http://professionalmovers.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/

Vote down Vote up

over 3 years ago

Tips That Makes Home goods Shifting Easy and Affordable information Visit site:-
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_Pa7CQEiso @ Packers and movers in bangalore
Packers and movers in bangalore@ http://professionalmovers.in
Packers and Movers in Gurgaon@ http://professionalmovers.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/
Packers and Movers in delhi@ http://professionalmovers.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

over 5 years ago

Medical professionals have also learned to recognize a spiral pattern on x rays of broken bones, indicating that the injury