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Harry Stack Sullivan

theory of personality psychiatry school washington life

1892-1949
American psychiatrist who based his approach to mental illness primarily upon interpersonal theory.

Harry Stack Sullivan, born on February 21, 1892, in the farming community of Norwich, New York, was the only surviving child of a poor Irish farmer. His childhood was apparently a lonely one, his friends and playmates consisting largely of the farm animals. His mother, who was sickly, was unhappy with the family's poor situation, and is reported to have shown her son little affection. These personal experiences seem to have had a marked effect on Sullivan's professional views in later life.

Sullivan took his medical degree in 1917 at the Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery. In 1919 he began working at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, D.C., with William Alanson White, an early American psychoanalyst. Clinical research at Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital occupied a portion of Sullivan's life, as did an appointment in the University of Maryland's School of Medicine. In 1936, he helped establish the Washington School of Psychiatry. In later life, he served as professor and head of the department of psychiatry in Georgetown University Medical School, president of the William Alanson White Psychiatric Foundation, editor of Psychiatry, and chairman of the Council of Fellows of the Washington School of Psychiatry.

Sullivan's approach to psychiatry emphasized the social factors which contribute to the development of personality. He differed from Sigmund Freud in viewing the significance of the early parent-child relationship as being not primarily sexual but, rather, as an early quest for security by the child. It is here that one can see Sullivan's own childhood experiences determining the direction of his professional thought.

Characteristic of Sullivan's work was his attempt to integrate multiple disciplines and ideas borrowed from those disciplines. His interests ranged from evolution to communication, from learning to social organization. He emphasized interpersonal relations. He objected

Harry Stack Sullivan (The Library of Congress. Reproduced with permission.)

to studying mental illness in people isolated from society. Personality characteristics were, he felt, determined by the relationship between each individual and the people in his environment. He avoided thinking of personality as a unique, individual, unchanging entity and preferred to define it as a manifestation of the interaction between people.

On January 14, 1949, while returning from a meeting of the executive board of the World Federation for Mental Health, Sullivan died in Paris. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Further Reading

Mullahy, Patrick, ed. The contributions of Harry Stack Sullivan: a symposium on interpersonal theory in psychiatry and social science. 1952.

Ellenberger, Henri F. The discovery of the unconscious: the history and evolution of dynamic Psychiatry. 1970.

Chapman, A. H. (Arthur Harry). Harry Stack Sullivan: his life and his work. New York: Putnam, 1976.

Chatelaine, Kenneth L. Good me, bad me, not me: Harry Stack Sullivan: an introduction to his thought. Dubuque, Ia.: Kendall/Hunt Pub. Co., 1992.

Chatelaine, Kenneth L. Harry Stack Sullivan, the formative years. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981.

Henry Alexander Murray Jr. - Becomes a physician and researcher, Discovers psychoanalysis and "depth psychology" [next] [back] Harry F. Harlow

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wyjatkowosc jest w mojej wrazliwosci, ktora odkrylam dopiero w trakcie swojej edukacji w synapis w warszawie.
wczesniej rowniez ale nie nie dostrzegalam zwiazkow chodz miewalam przypuszczenia. naleze do kobiet, ktore nigdy dla osiagniecia studiow, awansow czy tez pracy nie oddalabym sie seksualnie. zauwazalam jednak konkurancje w miejscu pracy meza i zazdrosci kobiety, ktora wygladem upodabniala sie ( wlosy w indeksie), inna rowniez wlosami ( moj pobyt wakacyjny z czarnogory - ona wychow.syna, uniki meza do mnie, zaprzestanie seksu meza .).
powoli krag okresle kobiet ,, podejrzanych o ,, cudzolustwo-grzech-zdrada-) z aprobata meza. bedac pedagogiem jestem nadzwyczaj wyczulona na obserwacje, ktore potwierdzaja meza sklonnosci o prowokacje, ktore go,, kreca". maz ciagle jest na etapie,, wyszumienia" , majac wiek-49-piotr, mariola 50,7
czy jest kochankiem,, szefowej"? -ukrywal delegacje wspolne w roku 2007, i nastepne, ukradkiem wyjechal
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wchodzil do basenu, majac przescieradlo, to spowodowalo kryzys w jej zwiazku i rozwod , u mnie rowniez). kto naklonil go do decyzji
umieszczenia mnie w psychiatryku-nie wiem( odczuwalam, ze wykonuje obowiazki aby wszyscy widzieli, nigdy nie mowil ze kocha, nawet synom i corkom). bedac kobieta lubie plcie meskie, ale decyduje o wstrzemiezliwosci, gdyz musze kogos szalenczo pokochac aby sie oddac. nie bede miec poczucia winy, gdyz nauczylam sie sama w pracy z wczesniakami i majac w domu. ( latwosc w nawiazywaniu kontaktow powoduje u innych zazdrosci i ploty, z ktorymi nie radzi sobie maz.). sam uwielbia flirty. w zwiazku cenie sobie partnerstwo, i wzajemne uzupelnianie sie, nie ukrywam, ze brakuje mi mezczyzny z ktorym spedzilabym kolejne lata gdyz uwielbiam pieszczoty, trzymanie sie za rece, czego nie ma. dawniej maz chetnie rozmawial, obecnie jest typem ,, kamuflarza"- bierny sluchacz, lubiacy obslugiwanie w domu, wielomowny po alkoholu. moje zdanie -jest ciagle pod wplywem kobiety z ktora mial pierszy seks ( forma zastrzaszania lub wspolne korzysci w miejscu pracy, poprzez narody ktore ukrywa). w zdrowotnosci jest w wieku przyspieszonej andropauzy, zwiekszone uzaleznienia, objawy somatyczne-poty nocne, uzaleznienie od telefonu,przebywania w wc na gierkach , chrapania, drzenia dloni, nagle agresje, po ktorych zanik pamieci,
swoja prowokacja zazdrosci ukazuje ,, tzw,, wyjsciowki wieczorne , powroty nocne, uniki , wedlug mnie alkohol-seks -zaspokojenie -powroty-pobudzenia w nastepnych dniach -lub oddawanie sie pracy gdzie lubi sie chwalic.