Other Free Encyclopedias » Psychology Encyclopedia » Famous Psychologists & Scientists

Albert Bandura

theories of personality type theory of personality theory of personality modeling learning social model

1925-
American psychologist whose work is concentrated in the area of social learning theory.

Albert Bandura was born in the province of Alberta, Canada, and received his B.A. from the University of British Columbia. He earned his M.A. and Ph.D. in clinical psychology at the University of Iowa, focusing on social learning theories in his studies with Kenneth Spence and Robert Sears. Graduating in 1952, Bandura completed a one-year internship at the Wichita Guidance Center before accepting an appointment to the department of psychology at Stanford University, where he has remained throughout his career. In opposition to more radical behaviorists, Bandura considers cognitive factors as causal agents in human behavior. His area of research, social cognitive theory, is concerned with the interaction between cognition, behavior, and the environment.

Much of Bandura's work has focused on the acquisition and modification of personality traits in children, particularly as they are affected by observational learning, or modeling, which, he argues, plays a highly significant role in the determination of subsequent behavior. While it is common knowledge that children learn by imitating others, little formal research was done on this subject before Neal Miller and John Dollard published Social Learning and Imitation in 1941. Bandura has been the single figure most responsible for building a solid empirical foundation for the concept of learning through modeling, or imitation. His work, focusing particularly on the nature of aggression, suggests that modeling plays a highly significant role in determining thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Bandura claims that practically anything that can be learned by direct experience can also be learned by modeling. Moreover, learning by modeling will occur although neither the observer nor the model is rewarded for performing a particular action, in contrast

Albert Bandura (Archives of the History of American Psychology. Reproduced with permission.)

to the behaviorist learning methods of Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner, with their focus on learning through conditioning and reinforcement. However, it has been demonstrated that punishment and reward can have an effect on the modeling situation. A child will more readily imitate a model who is being rewarded for an act than one who is being punished. Thus, the child can learn without actually being rewarded or punished himself—a concept known as vicarious learning. Similarly, Bandura has shown that when a model is exposed to stimuli intended to have a conditioning effect, a person who simply observes this process, even without participating in it directly, will tend to become conditioned by the stimuli as well.

Based on his research, Bandura has developed modeling as a therapeutic device. The patient is encouraged to modify his or her behavior by identifying with and imitating the behavior of the therapist. Although modeling was first studied in relation to children, it has been found to be effective in treating phobias in adults as well. The patient watches a model in contact with a feared object, at first under relatively non-threatening conditions. The patient is encouraged to perform the same actions as the model, and the situation is gradually made more threatening until the patient is able to confront the feared object or experience on his or her own.

Bandura has also focused on the human capacity for symbolization, which can be considered a type of inverse modeling. Using their symbolic capacities, people construct internal models of the world which provide an arena for planning, problem-solving, and reflection and can even facilitate communication with others. Another area of social cognition theory explored by Bandura is self-regulatory activity, or the ways in which internal standards affect motivation and actions. He has studied the effects of beliefs people have about themselves on their thoughts, choices, motivation levels, perseverance, and susceptibility to stress and depression. Bandura is the author of many books, including Adolescent Aggression (1959), Social Learning and Personality (1963), Principles of Behavior Modification (1969), Aggression (1973), Social Learning Theory (1977), and Social Foundations of Thought and Action (1985).

See also Modeling

Further Reading

Decker, Philip J. Behavior Modeling Training. New York: Praeger, 1985.

Albert Ellis [next] [back] Adolf Meyer

User Comments

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or

Vote down Vote up

about 4 years ago

I am Canadian, and I am proud of doctor Bandura's work. I think his findings on the vicarious learning are so important.

Vote down Vote up

10 months ago

Top Packers and Movers Companies
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-thane.html
http://www.pikup5th.in/

Vote down Vote up

10 months ago

Packers and Movers Nagpur @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-nagpur.html
Packers and Movers Nashik @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-nashik.html
Packers and Movers Faridabad @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html
Packers and Movers Ghaziabad @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html
Packers and Movers Ahmedabad @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad.html

Vote down Vote up

10 months ago



Packers and Movers Vadodara @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-vadodara.html
Packers and Movers Surat @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-surat.html
Packers and Movers Jaipur @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-jaipur.html
Packers and Movers Amritsar @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-amritsar.html
Packers and Movers Goa @ http://www.pikup5th.in/packers-and-movers-goa.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago



Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-surat/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-navimumbai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago


Thanks for post this helpful post - Please visit for More information about:

http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.expert9th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.top9th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

http://www.top7pm.in/
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-chennai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-noida.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-thane.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-jaipur.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-patna.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-nashik.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ahmedabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-lucknow.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-jalandhar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ludhiana.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-amritsar.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-mohali.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ambala.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-panchkula.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-nagpur.html
http://www.top7pm.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

albert bandura's work is classical one to developing human personality

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

albert bandura's work is classical one to developing human personality

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Packers and Movers Bangalore Or http://ad-vision.co.in/packersmoversbangalore.html
Packers and Movers Delhi Or http://ad-vision.co.in/packersmoversdelhi.html
Packers and Movers Gurgaon Or http://ad-vision.co.in/packersmoversgurgaon.html

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Packers and Movers company visit for more information: -
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
http://www.best7th.in/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

Packers and Movers company visit for more information: -
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-kolkata/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
http://www.best7th.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/

Vote down Vote up

over 1 year ago

http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-pune.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-delhi.html
http://www.top6pm.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon.html
http://www.top6pm.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Delhi Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Gurgaon Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/
Noida Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Ghaziabad Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
Faridabad Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
http://4ad.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Pune Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Bangalore Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Navi Mumbai Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
Thane Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
Mumbai Packers and Movers @ http://www.5th.co.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

For Shifting and Transporting Services::-

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/ @ Packkers and Movers Hyderabad

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/ @ Packers and Movers Bangalore

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/ @ Packers and Movers Chennai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/ @ Packers and Movers Pune

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/ @ Packers and Movers Mumbai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/ @ Packers and Movers Delhi

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/ @ Packers and Movers Gurgaon

http://www.export5th.in/ @ Packers and Movers in India

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

For Shifting and Transporting Services::-

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/ @ Packkers and Movers Hyderabad

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/ @ Packers and Movers Bangalore

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/ @ Packers and Movers Chennai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/ @ Packers and Movers Pune

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/ @ Packers and Movers Mumbai

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/ @ Packers and Movers Delhi

http://www.export5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/ @ Packers and Movers Gurgaon

http://www.export5th.in/ @ Packers and Movers in India

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/
Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/

Vote down Vote up

2 months ago

Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/ Quicken Support Phone Number
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-starter-edition/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/services/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-deluxe/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-premier/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-home-business/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-rental-property/
http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/quicken-for-mac/

Vote down Vote up

4 months ago

QuickBooks Support Phone Number
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-pro/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-premier/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-enterprise/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll-support/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-support-services/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-technical-support/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-support-small-business/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-customer-service-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-pos-support-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-data-recovery-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-payroll-support-phone-number/
http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/quickbooks-enterprise-support-phone-number/

Vote down Vote up

4 months ago

Tech Support Number
Sage Tech Support Phone Number @ http://sagetech.supportphone-number.com/
QuickBooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbookssupportphone-number.com/
Quicken tech Support Phone Number @ http://quickentech.supportphone-number.com/
QuickBooks Tech Support Phone Number @ http://quickbookstech.supportphone-number.com/

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago

Top Support Service
http://www.quickbooks.support-phonenumber.com/
http://www.quicken.support-phonenumber.com/
http://www.sage.support-phonenumber.com/
http://www.aol.support-phonenumber.com/
http://www.outlook.support-phonenumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

7 months ago

Best Support Service
http://www.quickbooks.technical-supportnumber.com/
http://www.quicken.technical-supportnumber.com/
http://www.sage.technical-supportnumber.com/
http://www.aol.technical-supportnumber.com/
http://www.outlook.technical-supportnumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

8 months ago

Quickbooks Support Number @ http://www.quickbooks.intuit-techsupport.com/
Quickbooks Support Phone Number @ http://www.quickbooks.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Phone Number @ http://www.quicken.support-phonenumber.com/
Quicken Support Number @ http://www.quicken.intuit-techsupport.com/
Sage Support Phone Number @ http://www.sage.support-phonenumber.com/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Top 5 Packers and Movers in Bangalore or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Delhi or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Noida or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Ghaziabad or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Faridabad or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
http://4ad.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Top 5 Packers and Movers in Pune or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Mumbai or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Navi Mumbai or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-navi-mumbai/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Thane or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-thane/
Top 5 Packers and Movers in Gurgaon or http://www.great5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.expert5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/
Packers and Movers Pune or
http://packersmoverspune.top3rd.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Gurgaon @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon/
Packers and Movers Chennai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-chennai/
Packers and Movers Noida @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-noida/
Packers and Movers Thane @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-thane/
Packers and Movers Navi Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-navimumbai/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Packers and Movers Hyderabad @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-hyderabad/
Packers and Movers Bangalore @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-bangalore/
Packers and Movers Pune @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-pune/
Packers and Movers Mumbai @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai/
Packers and Movers Delhi @
http://www.smaart5th.in/packers-and-movers-in-delhi/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

Some of this companies from Faridabad and in nearby cities also provide facilities for storage and warehousing services.

Top 3 Packers and Movers in Faridabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/
Top 3 Packers and Movers in Noida @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-noida/
Top 3 Packers and Movers in Delhi @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/
Top 3 Packers and Movers in Ghaziabad @ http://3th.co.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

List 5 Packers and Movers in Gurgaon @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-gurgaon/

List 5 Packers and Movers in Delhi @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-delhi/

List 5 Packers and Movers in Noida @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-noida/

List 5 Packers and Movers in Ghaziabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

List 5 Packers and Movers in Faridabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-faridabad/

List 5 Packers and Movers in Ghaziabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-ghaziabad/

List 5 Packers and Movers in India @ http://list5th.in/

Packers and Movers in India @ http://www.export5th.in/

Vote down Vote up

almost 2 years ago

List 5th Packers and Movers in Bangalore @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/

List 5th Packers and Movers Hyderabad @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-hyderabad/

List 5th Packers and Movers Chennai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-chennai/

List 5th Packers and Movers Mumbai @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-mumbai/

List 5th Packers and Movers Pune @ http://list5th.in/packers-and-movers-pune/